1967- 144S introduced. The 144 was a four-door sedan with a 1.8 liter OHV engine producing 115hp mated with either a 4-speed manual transmission or a 3-speed automatic with column shift. It also introduced the triangular brake system with discs on all wheels. Tire size was 165S15 (whitewall). New 6-digit odometer introduced. 0-120 mph band speedometer installed with driver-settable pointer to remind leadfoots to keep the speed at or below the limit on the highways.
1968- 142S and 145S wagon introduced. Side marker lights added. 145 had 175-15 tires (still whitewall). Headrests were added.
1969- New B20B engine with dual SU HS6 carburetors introduced. The new engine produced 118hp gross @ 5800 rpm and 123ft.lbs @ 3500 rpm. New 164S luxury model introduced with a new inline-6 engine with dual Zenith-Stromberg 175CD 2SE carburetors. Power ratings were: 145hp gross @ 5500 rpm, and 163ft.lbs @ 3000 rpm. New shifter for 4-speed manual on 164 only. Power steering was standard on the 164. 145 gained rear wiper.
1970- All 140 series cars now have yellow rear turn signals. B20B lost some compression, going from 9.5:1 to 9.3:1, but keeping the same power and torque ratings. Also gained the Zenith-Stromberg carbs of the B30A. Leather interior added to 164.
1971- new grilles on all 140 series cars. New 142E model with leather interior, radial tires, and fuel injection introduced. The new B20E engine produced 130hp @ 6000 rpm and 130ft.lbs @ 3500 rpm. New M41 and M410 transmissions introduced to the 100 series. These new transmissions had overdrive gears added on to the M40 and M400 gearboxes. 145 lost openable rear side windows and gained a right side air exhaust vent. Wheels widened from 4.5" to 5". Sunroof optional on 164. 5.5" wheels on 164. New armrests. B20B loses the Z-S carbs and gains SU HIF 6 carbs.
1972- All western U.S. models became fuel injected with two new motors. The B20F and the B30F. The B20F lost some power compared to the B20E at only 107hp and a much lower compression ratio. The B30F produced 138hp @ 5500 rpm. All cars with manual transmission gained the short shifter of the 1800E and 164S. New squared-off shift knob. Automatic shifters were moved to the floor. Also, all cars got new door handles that were flush against the door skin. Seats gained lumbar support adjusting knobs. Seat belts revised mid-year to have buckles instead of early style catch mechanism. Rear seat belts also revised at same time to have 3-point belts on outer positions. Dashboards gained new center control panel below the main section. Volvo starts to use SAE net horsepower ratings. B20B goes from 118 hp to 97 hp, thanks to lower compression and new rating system. B30A does the same thing, going from 145 hp in 1971 to 120 hp in 1972. European B20E's go to 117 hp (135 gross).
1973- New grille on 140 series, and new bumpers on all cars. Interior was revised with leather returning to the 142 and the 144 with a new trim level "GL"; that also had a sunroof. Rear seat gained center armrest on sedans. 140GL cars and 164E cars gained tachometer. Old speedometer with red band replaced by a standard speedo reading 130mph. New tailights on sedans. Tachometer optional on 140DL models. B20B engine still available in Canada and east coast of U.S.A., but not exportable to western U.S.A. (some 140's were shipped as Canadian models and then delivered into the states). B20F regains 5 hp, and becomes just as powerful as 1970-71 B20E. 164 grille made shorter and receives the later style badge, as well as becoming plastic, instead of metal.
1974- The big bumpers appeared. New one-piece glass in front doors. Gas tank was moved forward and enlarged from 15.3 gallons to 15.8 gallons. New exhaust system installed with different routing and larger mufflers. B20F lost 3hp when fuel system was changed from EFI to MFI. B20F cam changed to K-grind. Door mirrors no longer mounted to door skin, instead they were mounted to a sail panel on the window frame. Bulb Integrity sensor and warning light added. Engaging the parking brake no longer causes the Brake Failure warning light to come on at the same time as the Parking Brake warning light. Seats gain knobs for adjusting backrest angle. B20B available in Canada only. In europe, the 240 series was introduced. This new car had improved front suspension, different front sheet metal, and the parking brake was moved from the left side of the driver seat to the middle of the car. New shift knob and boot on manual transmissions. Dashboard was redesigned (same basic layout, but different vents and a different glove box lock, one that is pushed in to open the door, instead of turned like a knob). Head restraints were revised on the 240 series from the upholstered type to an open style and bottom seat cushions shortened. B20E became the 1973 B20F w/o EGR for european countries. 14" steel wheels shod with 185R14 whitewall tires introduced on 240. 140's continue on with Michelin ZX 165R15's on sedans and 175R15's on wagons and 164's. The '74 240 had either B20A (L), B21A (DL), or B21E (GL). All 140/240 series cars used the M40/41 transmissions. 164 Soldiered on unchanged except for big bumpers, instrument cluster, and door changes.
1975- 240 series introduced in the U.S.A with the old B20F engine producing 10 less horsepower than 1974. 164E gained new tailights, different offset wheels (25 mm instead of 40 mm), new seats with open head restraints, and new location for parking brake lever as horsepower went down 8 hp. Even less power on California cars, because of the catalytic converter that was added to the exhaust system. All California cars require unleaded gas. In Europe, the 260 series was introduced (see 1976 for details). European 240 gained reversing inhibitor ring on shift lever. Winshield wipers painted black instead of being the silver color of 1967-74.
1976- New B21F engine introduced. This new engine produced 102hp @ 5200 rpm and 114ft.lbs @ 2500 rpm. New revised manual transmissions introduced. 245 gains M46 overdrive transmission. New automatic transmission. New steering wheel in mid-year. New 260 series cars introduced with 262GL, 264DL/GL, and 265DL/GL models. The DL models had cloth interior on the sedan (vinyl on wagon), manual windows, and just the basic features that the 240DL had. Tachometer was standard on all 260 series cars. The GL models gained leather interior, power windows (sedan), sunroof (sedans), metallic paint, and silver grilles. All 260 series cars had quad headlamp systems with a longer hood that had a vertical grille. The V6 engine was a 2.7 liter all aluminum block+head motor with 125hp @ 5500 rpm and 150ft.lbs @ 2750 rpm. M46 transmission was standard, not optional, like on the 240 series. 240GL cars had the same features as the 1973-74 140GL models, plus the M46 crashbox. In mid-1976, the manual transmissions changed from using gear oil to using ATF. Door panels lost screws, instead having little clips holding them on at the top. First year of reverse lockout ring on U.S./Canadian model Volvos. U.S. 240/260's gain reversing inhibitor ring. Canadian 245DL wagons gain cloth interior as an option.
1977- All 49 state cars gained catalytic converters as the California cars got a new high capacity 3-way cat. All 1977 models gained fuel prepumps instead of the fuel tank pick-up screen that was on previous models. New Lambda-Sond oxygen sensor replaced the Air system on most U.S. B21F engines. B21A carbureted engine introduced later in 1977 for Canada with single SU HIF 6 carburetor. 240GL discontinued in U.S.A. 240's were equipped with the optional Japanese-built AW55 transmission, 260's came with the BW55. Canadian cars went to km/h speedometers. 240GL discontinued.
1978- All 200 series cars gained 260 series front end. 260 series cars gained rectangular headlights and power mirrors. New thicker seat padding. New 262C coupe introduced with chopped top, wood door and dash trim, power windows, power door locks, leather shift boot cover, and very expensive looking leather interior. 242GT sports model introduced. The GT had velour interior, new steering wheel, alloy wheels, leather shift boot cover, silver grille with fog lights, blacked-out bumpers, front spoiler, black plastic mirrors, and silver paint with black and orange striping. Larger windshield opening and new trim with rubber gasket. U.S. model 242GT's came with California engine (101 hp @ 5200). Canadian GT's came with 49-state B21F (104 hp @ 5200). 242DL and 244DL sedans go to 175SR14 Michelin XZX blackwall tires, 242GT and all 260 series sedans go to 185/70R14 tires in either H-speed rating (242GT) or S-speed rating (260 series). Wagons continue with 185R14's but now blackwall and Michelin XZXÕs. 264GLE only available with automatic, while DL/GL 260's continue with M46 tranny as standard. New valve cover on all B21 engines (no more vacuum pump on valve cover).
1979- New rear end on all sedans. New steering wheels on all cars except the 242GT. Slightly more power on the B21 and B27 engines. Canadian B21F's had 111 hp and did not have either the EGR or the AIR system. U.S. model B21F engines went to 107 hp @ 5250 rpm, thanks to an increase in compression to 9.3:1. Thermostatic clutch fan on certain B21F engines. 260DL discontinued in 1979. 242GT gains higher performance suspension setup. 242GT gains black color in Canada. 244GL gains 185/70SR14 tires and front GT spoiler. All cars get shorter shifter. 240 A/C gains knob for precise control. In other markets (Canada not included), there was a new B23E engine that produced 140 hp for the 242GT model.
1980- New door mirrors on all 240 series cars. 240/260 nomenclature lost. Instead the 240DL was just called the DL, the 244GL became the GL, the 264GLE became the GLE, and the 242GT became the GT. New Diesel model introduced. Very gutless as is, but very efficient. Diesel model was a 1979 264DL or 265DL with the D24. Power mirrors were deleted from said Diesel. B27 engine bored out to 2849cc and became the B28F. The New U.S. GL's came with the 260 headlights, grille, and tailights. Otherwise, they were essentially similar to the Canadian model GL, except for the addition of power windows. The Canadian model had the 1979 244GL exterior. The GLE gains 265 variant from 260GL models, but loses 4-speed+O/D manual. New 15" 5-spoke wheels with 195/60HR15 Pirelli P6 tires on GT and new front spoiler. All B21F engines had 107 hp. Speedometer became 85 mph. Some GL sedans have B21F engines, yet are still considered 264's. GLE, Coupe, Canadian 244GL, and Diesel gain 1980 242GT front air dam. European 242GT deleted. Replaced with the 244GLT, which had an option of a B21ET engine, producing 155 hp.
1981- GT model gains Turbo engine, becomes the Turbo, and, late in the production run, gains 4-door model. Manual transmission only in the turbo model. All 240's, including 242's gained the 260 series front end of 1978. Wagons gained wrap-around tailights. New dashboard and shift knobs on manual transmission models. U.S. GL model gains 2-door model. GLT model added new steering wheel horn pad, velour interior (without the red stripe) or leather interior, optional automatic transmission, and more colors to the GT model of 1980. New GLT wagon model with base B21F engine, velour or leather interior, power windows, black-out trim, and the GT wheels introduced. Coupe loses M46 transmission and vinyl roof. B23E engine (N/A U.S.A) goes to (slightly) milder "K" grind cam from early "H" grind cam. Canadian GL loses leather shift boot cover. 49 state non-turbo/GLT 240's with B21F-MPG engine that produces 98 hp @ 5000 rpm and 114 ft.lbs of torque @ 2500 rpm. California non-turbo U.S. model 240's come with standard B21F engine from 1980, but with Constant Idle control System. Some 49 state B21F's did not have the CIS installed. Canadian GLT models had 4-door models (non-turbo) as well, with power mirrors in addition to the 245GLT parts. All Canadian 242's did not have power windows, mirrors, or door locks. Canadian GL wagons have velour as standard equipment with optional leather interior. Diesel is only sold in Canada.
1982- Coupe discontinued. GLT adds turbo engine to the wagon. U.S. GL gains wagon model, alloy wheels from the GLE model, and gains the front spoiler of the GLT/GLE models in the U.S.A. DL model gains the reflector headlight trim of all other models. New AW70 transmission with overdrive replaces the 3-speed automatic transmission of 1981, except on the GLE/Diesel models and on all Canadian 240's which kept the BW55 3-speed. Electronic Fuel Injection on some 240's. B21F-MPG engine replaces normal B21F and has 98 hp, instead of 107 hp. B21F-LH is used on some California 244/245DL's and on all U.S. 242GLT non-turbo cars and has 105 hp @ 5400 rpm. GLE becomes 4-door sedan only and loses B21F engine option. Turbo model gets AW71 automatic transmission. 242GLT non-turbo loses automatic tranny (becomes like '80 242GT with LH-Jet, '81 style dash, and rectangular sealed beam headlights). Zenith-Stromberg 175CD 2SE carb replaces SU HIF 6 on B21A. B23E gains extra 2ft.lbs of torque on GL/GLT models. Diesel model returns to U.S. lineup.
1983- New bumpers on all U.S. 240's. GLE discontinued, except for early 1983 Cdn models - still equipped with the B28F. DL and GL models get a bored-out version of the B21F. The new engine was the B23F-LH. Similar to the B23E from Canada, except with LH-Jetronic electronic fuel injection, instead of K-Jetronic injection, and different fuel injector location. Horsepower ratings were: (late-1983 models) 114hp @ 5400 rpm (AT only) or 111hp @ 5400 rpm (manual transmission). B23F engines come with Volvo/Chrysler ignition (bad move). 1983 B23E's lost power, bringing performance down to B23F levels. Acceleration still was quicker with B23E than with B23F, because of the K-Jetronic fuel injection. M46 changed to have shorter 1st gear on all transmissions, not just Turbo M46D versions. Canada officially gets Turbo model with B21FT engine.
1984- B23E discontinued in Canada. GLE model returns to Canada. Diesel model lost leather interior, power windows, sunroof, leather shift boot cover, and air conditioning as it was turned into a DL model from a GL model. 120 mph speedometer replaces 85 mph speedo from 1983. Chrysler distributor/coil replaced with Bosch distributor/coil on B23F. Canadian GL/GLE models gain the B23F-LH engine from the U.S. 240's. Steering wheel from 1981 GLT model used on all cars (240DL not included), except with ÒVolvoÓ printed on it. B21FT gains extra 4 horsepower. Plug for heater wiring of 3-wire 02 sensor added. B21A gains 9.3:1 compression ratio and 4 more hp.
1984.5- Turbo engine gains intercooler for an extra 31hp and is renamed the B21FT-IBS. B23F engine gains 3-wire preheated O2 sensor, and redesigned preheat tube. Lambda-Sond light disconnected on non-turbo models. New rear wiper and arm on wagons.
1985- B230F engine is introduced. New engine has lightweight pistons, black valve cover, and a different crankshaft. All Canadian 240's and U.S. 240GL/Turbo models have switchable (read: functional) driver side bun warmers. All cars gain rear fog lights in certain parts of the U.S.A. On cars with rear fogs, brake lights moved to outer tailight positions on sedans, bottom position on wagons. Diesel discontinued. Last year of Turbo model and 242 body style. New radios. LH-Jetronic version 2.2 introduced on B230F. Fully Gavlanized sheet metal introduced. Parking brake console has cutouts for bun warmer switches, but 1985 models used a switch on the dash control panel. Temperature compensating board added to temperature gauge. Temp gauge and fuel gauge lose H/C, F/E markings.
1986- New front end made the North American 240Õs look almost exactly like the European model, except for larger 5-mph bumpers. New head restraints on front seats. New door mirrors with aerodynamic design and separate glass. 240 designation returns. Third rear brakelight added. New rear hatch handle on wagons. Dual bun warmers introduced on all cars. Some late model 240's with M46 gained a "5" on the OD button. Some very early 245's still used the 1975 style head restraints (these cars may've never made it over to the U.S.A but were shown in the 1986 240 series brochure). Canada gains molded bumpers as well. 240DL gains 14" steering wheel from GL. Speedometer becomes electronic. Door panels have more cloth on them than before.
1987- New M47 5-speed manual transmission replaces 4-speed+OD transmission from 1986. Automatic standard on 240GL model. Front doors gain felt door seals to cut down on wind noise. Seatbelt buckles redesigned and moved from console to the outside, adding a storage box in the parking brake console. Right door mirror becomes convex.
1988- New starter and colors. Volvo CR-712 AM/FM cassette radio standard on all models.
1989- New steering wheel. Rear head restraints standard on sedans and wagons. GL model adds head restraint covers to the 1988 model. New fuel system with integrated ignition system (LH-Jetronic version 2.4) (No more Mopar! :) and no more adjustable timing :( ). California model gains EGR system.
1990- 240GL discontinued. Base 240 model introduced. Driver-side airbag standard. Power windows become standard on DL model. Radio optional on base model.
1991- 240DL discontinued. Radio now standard on base 240 as are power windows. 240SE model introduced (added stuff, special alloy wheels). ABS introduced. new air conditioning system introduced with simplicity of 1973-77 system. Leather interior optional on base 240. Automatic transmission gains ASL (automatic shift lock) system. Rear hatch on 245 changed over to aluminium with flush glass and relocated rear window washer. Windshield now one-piece (no brightwork), as is rear window on 244 models. Warning lights now all without white lettering. Right side rear fog light removed.
1992- 240GL returns in sedan form only. The new GL has '86 style grille, chrome window trim, the special SE wheels, power sunroof, and heated power mirrors. All models with metallic paint gained body-color mirrors. 49 state B230F engines have new fuel systems (LH-Jetronic version 3.1 instead of version 2.4). 240DL has all-black grille installed.
1993- New 240 Classic model introduced. This new model is available in both sedan and wagon bodystyles, has the 1992 GL wheels, chrome grille slats, special interior badge, wood dash trim, and special emblems. Interior upholstery choices on 240 Classic were velour or leather. Base 240 continues on unchanged except for ABS being standard. Last year for the 240. Door handles now painted black. CFC-free air conditioning system introduced. Some B230F engines have Pulsair air injection system added. New B230FD introduced with different timing gears and longer-lasting belt.
HP ratings for 1972-on are SAE J1349 net ratings, not the SAE gross ratings of 1967-71
|1975||Single round||Single round||Not available|
|1976-77||Single round||Single round||Dual round|
|1978-79||Single round||Dual round||Dual rectangular|
|1980||Single round||Dual rectangular [GL/GLE] Dual round [DL]||Dual rectangular|
|1981-82||Dual rectangular, halogen high beams||Dual rectangular, halogen high beams||Dual rectangular, halogen high beams|
|1983-84||Dual rectangular, halogen high and low beams||Dual rectangular, halogen high and low beams||Not available|
|1985||Dual rectangular, halogen high and low||Dual rectangular, halogen high and low||Not available|
|1986-93||Not available||One-piece, plastic lens||Not available|